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Muscle Interstitial Cells: A Brief Field Guide to Non-satellite Cell Populations in Skeletal Muscle

  • Francesco Saverio TedescoEmail author
  • Louise A. Moyle
  • Eusebio PerdigueroEmail author
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1556)

Abstract

Skeletal muscle regeneration is mainly enabled by a population of adult stem cells known as satellite cells. Satellite cells have been shown to be indispensable for adult skeletal muscle repair and regeneration. In the last two decades, other stem/progenitor cell populations resident in the skeletal muscle interstitium have been identified as “collaborators” of satellite cells during regeneration. They also appear to have a key role in replacing skeletal muscle with adipose, fibrous, or bone tissue in pathological conditions. Here, we review the role and known functions of these different interstitial skeletal muscle cell types and discuss their role in skeletal muscle tissue homeostasis, regeneration, and disease, including their therapeutic potential for cell transplantation protocols.

Key words

Skeletal muscle Interstitial cells Pericytes Mesoangioblasts Mesenchymal progenitors Fibro-adipogenic progenitors Pw1 Interstitial cells Stem cells Muscle regeneration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank S. Benedetti, G. Cossu, S. Maffioletti, J. Morgan, E. Rebollo, M. Riminucci, D. Sassoon, and A. Serrano for insightful comments and discussions. E.P. acknowledges funding from MINECO, Spain (SAF2015-67369-R and “María de Maeztu” Programme for Units of Excellence in R&D MDM-2014-0370), AFM, CIBERNED (IntraCIBER 2015-2/06, InterCIBER PIE14/00061). F.S.T. and L.A.M. acknowledge funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 602423 (PluriMes). F.S.T. is funded by a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Academic Clinical Fellowship in Paediatrics; the views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health. Work in the Tedesco laboratory is also funded by the IMI joint undertaking under grant agreement n° 115582 (EU FP7 and EFPIA companies - EBiSC), Takeda New Frontier Science, the UK BBSRC and MRC, Duchenne Parent Project Onlus, Muscular Dystrophy UK, Duchenne Children’s Trust, the Duchenne Research Fund and Fundació La Marató de TV3. F.S.T. dedicates this paper to the late Professor Paolo Bianco, whose ideas and vision on stem cell dynamics in mesodermal tissues have inspired part of this review and will be deeply missed.

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cell and Developmental BiologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Cell Biology Group, Department of Experimental and Health Sciences (DCEXS)Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), CIBER on Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED)BarcelonaSpain

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