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Muscle Stem Cells: A Model System for Adult Stem Cell Biology

  • DDW CornelisonEmail author
  • Eusebio PerdigueroEmail author
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1556)

Abstract

Skeletal muscle stem cells, originally termed satellite cells for their position adjacent to differentiated muscle fibers, are absolutely required for the process of skeletal muscle repair and regeneration. In the last decade, satellite cells have become one of the most studied adult stem cell systems and have emerged as a standard model not only in the field of stem cell-driven tissue regeneration but also in stem cell dysfunction and aging. Here, we provide background in the field and discuss recent advances in our understanding of muscle stem cell function and dysfunction, particularly in the case of aging, and the potential involvement of muscle stem cells in genetic diseases such as the muscular dystrophies.

Key words

Skeletal muscle Stem cells Muscle regeneration Heterogeneity Aging Muscular dystrophies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Drs. Pura Muñoz-Cánoves and Antonio Serrano (UPF, Barcelona) and Elena Rebollo (MIP, IBMB, Barcelona) for their insightful discussions. E.P. acknowledges the funding from MINECO, Spain (SAF2015-67369-R and “María de Maeztu” Programme for Units of Excellence in R&D MDM-2014-0370), AFM, CIBERNED (IntraCIBER 2015-2/06, InterCIBER PIE14/00061). DDWC was funded by National Institutes of Health grant #AR067450.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Biological Sciences and Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences CenterUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Cell Biology Group, Department of Experimental and Health Sciences (DCEXS)Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), CIBER on Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED)BarcelonaSpain

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