Immunological Identification of Fungal Species

  • Filomena Nogueira
  • Fabian Istel
  • Leonel Pereira
  • Michael Tscherner
  • Karl KuchlerEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1508)


Immunodetection is described in this chapter as a technique for producing specific antibodies for antigen detection of the major human fungal pathogens. In the case of Candida spp., heat-killed cells are used to immunize mice over a couple of weeks and then splenocytes are isolated and further fused with myelomas to easily propagate the antibodies produced in the mice. The resulting antibodies follow a purification process where antibody levels and concentrations are determined. Fungal cells are also lysed to obtain whole cell extracts as a prior step for identification of antigens using immunoprecipitation. Finally, this method permits the production of specific antibodies against fungi and the identification of the respective antigens in an in vivo model.

Key words

Immunodetection Antibodies Antigens Candida Aspergillus Zygomycetes Mucor Rhizopus Fusarium Cryptococcus 



This work was supported by the European Union project FP7 “FUNGITECT” [602125] and FP7 Marie-Curie Initial Training Network “ImResFun” [MC-ITN-606786]. We also thank Andriy Petryshyn for technical support, Florian Zwolanek for helpful insights on immunization of mice, the Monoclonal Antibody Facility (MAF) at the Campus Vienna Biocenter (VBC) in Vienna, and Thomas Lion at the Children’s Cancer Research Institute (CCRI) for his suggestions and guidance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filomena Nogueira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Fabian Istel
    • 3
  • Leonel Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michael Tscherner
    • 3
  • Karl Kuchler
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.CCRI—Children’s Cancer Research InstituteViennaAustria
  2. 2.Labdia—Labordiagnostik GmbHViennaAustria
  3. 3.Max F. Perutz Laboratories, MFPL—Department of Medical BiochemistryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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