Immunolocalization on Whole Anther Chromosome Spreads for Male Meiosis

  • Stefanie Dukowic-Schulze
  • Anthony Harris
  • Changbin ChenEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1429)


Immunolocalization of cells undergoing meiosis has proven to be one of the most important tools to decipher chromatin-associated protein dynamics and causal relationships. Here, we describe a protocol established for maize which is easily adaptable to other plants, for example, with minor modifications to Arabidopsis as stated here. In contrast to many other protocols, the following protocol is based on fixation by a 3:1 mixture of ethanol and acetic acid. Spreading of cells is followed by freeze-shattering, protein antigenicity retrieval by a hot citrate buffer bath, antibody incubations and washes, and DNA staining.

Key words

Immunolocalization Meiosis Maize Arabidopsis Plants Anthers Chromosome spread 



We are grateful to Drs. Zac Cande, Wojciech Pawlowski, and Rachel Wang for the maize ASY1 and ZYP1 antisera, and to Chris Lambing for helpful discussion on Fig. 4. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (IOS: 1025881).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefanie Dukowic-Schulze
    • 1
  • Anthony Harris
    • 1
  • Changbin Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Horticultural ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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