Quantification of Docetaxel in Serum Using Turbulent Flow Liquid Chromatography Electrospray Tandem Mass Spectrometry (TFC-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS)

  • Christopher A. Crutchfield
  • Mark A. Marzinke
  • William A. ClarkeEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1383)


Docetaxel is a second-generation taxane and is used clinically as an anti-neoplastic agent in cancer chemotherapy via an anti-mitotic mechanism. Its efficacy is limited to a narrow therapeutic window. Inappropriately high concentrations may cause erythema, fluid retention, nausea, diarrhea, and neutropenia. As a result, dosing recommendations have changed from high dosage loading every 3 weeks to lower dosage loading weekly. We describe a method that can be used for therapeutic drug monitoring of docetaxel levels using turbulent flow liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (TFC-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS). The method is rapid, requiring only 6.3 min per analytical run following a simple protein crash. The method requires only 100 μL of serum. Concentrations of docetaxel were quantified by a calibration curve relating the peak-area ratio of docetaxel to a deuterated internal standard (docetaxel-D9). The method was linear from 7.8 to 1000 ng/mL, with imprecision ≤6.2 %.

Key words

Docetaxel Anti-neoplastic Turbulent flow liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometry 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher A. Crutchfield
    • 1
  • Mark A. Marzinke
    • 1
  • William A. Clarke
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PathologyThe Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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