Detection and Functional Analysis of Estrogen Receptor α Phosphorylated at Serine 216 in Mouse Neutrophils

  • Sawako Shindo
  • Rick Moore
  • Masahiko Negishi
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1366)


Serine 216 constitutes a protein kinase C phosphorylation motif located within the DNA binding domain of estrogen receptor α (ERα). In this chapter we present experimental procedures confirming that mouse ERα is phosphorylated at serine 216 in peripheral blood neutrophils and in neutrophils that infiltrate the uterus, as well as the role of phosphoserine 216 in neutrophil migration. A phospho-peptide antibody (αP-S216) was utilized in Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and double immunofluorescence staining to detect this phosphorylation of an endogenous ERα. Both immunohistochemistry (with αP-S216 or neutrophil marker Ly6G antibody) and double immunofluorescence staining of mouse uterine sections prepared from C3H/HeNCrIBR females revealed that phosphorylated ERα was expressed in all infiltrating neutrophils during hormonal cycles but not in any other of the other uterine cells. Neutrophils infiltrate the uterus from the blood stream. White blood cells (WBC) were prepared from peripheral blood of C3H/HeNCrIBR females or males and double immunostained. Blood neutrophils also expressed phosphorylated ERα but in only about 20 % of cells in both sexes. Only the neutrophils expressing phosphorylated ERα spontaneously migrated in in vitro Transwell migration assays and infiltrated the uterus in mice.

Key words

Estrogenreceptorα (ERα) Phosphorylation Neutrophils Migration Infiltration Mouse uterus Immunohistochemistry Immunofluorescencestaining 



This work was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences: Z01ES1005-01. We would like to acknowledge Dr. Kenneth Korach’s lab members and also Drs. Gordon Flake and Hideki Nakano for various experimental protocols.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reproductive and Developmental Biology LaboratoryNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of HealthResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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