Analysis of Interaction of Estradiol with Estrogen Receptor by NMR Spectroscopy

  • M. K. Thakur
  • V. Paramanik
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1366)


Following binding to estradiol, estrogen receptors (ER) α and ERβ recruit a number of interacting proteins and mediate a plethora of functions. The binding of estrogen with the receptors shows changes in the resonance structure and movement of protons. We cloned ERβ and its trans-activation domain (TAD) and ligand-binding domain (LBD), expressed them in prokaryotic expression vectors, purified them, and studied their interaction with estradiol. In this chapter, a detailed method of preparation of recombinant proteins, SDS-PAGE, silver staining, and NMR are described. Such methods are useful to check the biological activity of bacterially expressed proteins and are applicable to basic and applied research.

Key words

Estrogenreceptors Cloning SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy Estradiol 



Financial support from UGC-CAS and Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, to M.K.T. is highly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of ZoologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyIndira Gandhi National Tribal UniversityAmarkantak, AnuppurIndia

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