Quantification of DNA Damage by Real-Time qPCR
This chapter describes the use of real-time qPCR to quantify damages in genomic DNA. The method is based on the ability of a lesion in one strand to inhibit restriction enzyme digestion of double-stranded DNA. Subsequent amplification of the complementary strand after restriction cleavage gives a quantitative measure of the damage content in that site (Real-time qPCR Analysis of Damage Frequency; RADF). We compare the RADF assay with the commonly used technique to assess damages by their ability to inhibit amplification of a large PCR fragment relative to a short PCR fragment. The RADF method described here is quick, accurate and allows the detection of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA damage in detailed regions.
Key wordsDNA damage mtDNA DNA repair
The work was supported by the Norwegian Research Council.