Detection of Carbapenemases Using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) Meropenem Hydrolysis Assay
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been recently introduced to many diagnostic microbiological laboratories. Besides the identification of bacteria and fungi, that technique provides a potentially useful tool for the detection of antimicrobial resistance, especially of that conferred by β-lactamases. Here, we describe an assay allowing a detection of meropenem hydrolysis in clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., and Acinetobacter baumannii using MALDI-TOF MS. This method is able to confirm carbapenemases within 3 h. The results are important for proper and fast intervention to limit the spread of carbapenemase-producing bacteria and provide information for appropriate initial therapy of the infections caused by these microbes.
KeywordsSodium Salt Acinetobacter Baumannii Dihydroxybenzoic Acid Suspension Buffer Chromogenic Medium
This work was supported by the grant Nr. NT11032-6/2010 and by the Charles University Research Fund (Nr. P36).
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