The Use of FM Dyes to Analyze Plant Endocytosis

  • Kateřina Malínská
  • Adriana Jelínková
  • Jan PetrášekEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1209)


FM (Fei-Mao) styryl dyes are compounds of amphiphilic character that are used for the fluorescence tracking of endocytosis and related processes, i.e., the internalization of membrane vesicles from the plasma membrane (PM) and dynamics of endomembranes. Staining with FM dyes and subsequent microscopical observations could be performed both on the tissue and cellular level. Here, we describe simple procedures for the effective FM dye staining and de-staining in root epidermal cells of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings and suspension-cultured tobacco cells. The progression of FM dye uptake, reflected by an increased amount of the dye in the endosomal compartments, is monitored under the fluorescence microscope in a time-lapse manner. The data obtained can be used for the characterization of the rate of endocytosis and the function of components of endosomal recycling machinery.

Key words

FM styryl dyes FM 4-64 FM 1-43 Endocytosis Plasma membrane Endomembranes 



This work was supported by the Czech Science Foundation, projects GAP305/11/2476 (JP) and GPP305/11/P797 (AJ).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kateřina Malínská
    • 1
  • Adriana Jelínková
    • 1
  • Jan Petrášek
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPraha 6Czech Republic

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