Hox Genes pp 103-120 | Cite as

Topological Organization of Drosophila Hox Genes Using DNA Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization

  • Frédéric BantigniesEmail author
  • Giacomo Cavalli
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1196)


DNA fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is the method of choice to study genomic organization at the single-cell level. It has been recently used to study the topological organization of the homeotic bithorax complex (BX-C) in Drosophila as well as to describe long-range genomic interactions between the BX-C and the Antennapedia complex (ANT-C), in addition to other genomic loci. Coupled with immunofluorescence, FISH can be used to study the relative positioning of homeotic genes with nuclear subcompartments, such as Polycomb-group (PcG) bodies, transcription factories, or the nuclear lamina. Here, we describe two multicolor 3D-FISH protocols; one for whole mount Drosophila embryos or larval discs and one for Drosophila-cultured cells. Both methods can be applied to any single copy locus of interest and are compatible with immunostaining (FISH-I).

Key words

Fluorescent in situ hybridization Immunostaining Nuclear organization Gene positioning Chromosome topology Nuclear bodies Bithorax complex Antennapedia complex Polycomb-group proteins Drosophila 



F.B. is supported by the CNRS. Research at the G.C. lab was supported by grants from the European Research Council (ERC-2008-AdG No 232947), the CNRS, the European Network of Excellence EpiGeneSys, the Agence Nationale de la Recherche and the Association pour la Recherche sur le Cancer.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Génétique HumaineCNRS UPR-1142Montpellier Cedex 5France

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