Fluorescent Protein Tagging of Arabidopsis MAPKs for In Vivo Localization Studies

  • Anna DoskočilováEmail author
  • Ivan Luptovčiak
  • Veronika Smékalová
  • Jozef Šamaj
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1171)


Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are key regulatory elements in many processes. They are highly conserved throughout eukaryotes. In plants, MAPKs are involved in biotic and abiotic stress responses; they regulate cell division, cell growth, and also programmed cell death. In vivo visualization of MAPKs is crucial for understanding of their spatiotemporal organization. Cloning of MAPK–fluorescent protein fusions might present difficulties related to the preservation of protein–protein interactions essential for MAPK localization, interactions with upstream and downstream regulators, and finally substrate targeting. In this chapter we describe cloning of MAPKs in the flexible MultiSite Gateway® cloning system followed by easy and quick testing of binary vectors by transient assays in Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana.

Key words

Mitogen activated protein kinase Multisite Gateway® cloning FAST transient transformation Green fluorescent protein GFP-Trap® immunoprecipitation Native promoter Floral dipping 



This research was supported by grant no. P501/11/1764 from the Czech Science Foundation GAČR.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Doskočilová
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ivan Luptovčiak
    • 1
  • Veronika Smékalová
    • 1
  • Jozef Šamaj
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of SciencePalacký University OlomoucOlomoucCzech Republic

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