Problems and Perspectives in the Publication of Ethnobiological Studies

  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
  • Natalia Hanazaki
  • Joabe Gomes de Melo
Protocol
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)

Abstract

Ethnobiology attempts to understand the relationship between man, the environment, and the biota and has significantly contributed to the knowledge and conservation of biodiversity and the search for new molecules with biological action, especially in such disciplines as ethnopharmacology and ethnobotany. However, many publications in the field have ethical, methodological, and theoretical problems and poor and limited results. Thus, the purpose of this chapter is to review several key aspects to ensure reliable data collection and the quality of publications, especially of ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology studies.

Key words

Ethics in ethnobiology Scientific whiting Science policy Data collection 

References

  1. 1.
    Diegues AC, Arruda RSV (eds) (2001) Saberes tradicionais e biodiversidade no Brasil. Ministério do Meio Ambiente/USP, Brasília/São PauloGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alves AGC, Albuquerque UP (2005) Exorcizando termos em etnobiologia e etnoecologia. In: Alves AGC, Lucena RFP, Albuquerque UP (eds) Atualidades em etnobiologia e etnoecologia, vol 2. NUPEEA/Sociedade Brasileira de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia, RecifeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gadgil M, Berkes F, Folke C (1993) Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Ambio 22:151–156Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Berkes F (1999) Sacred ecology. Taylor & Francis, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Almeida CFCBR, Albuquerque UP (2002) Uso e conservação de plantas e animais medicinais no estado de Pernambuco (Nordeste do Brasil): um estudo de caso. Interciencia 27:276–285Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gazzaneo LR, Lucena RFP, Albuquerque UP (2005) Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by local specialists in a region of Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 1:9PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alves RRN, Rosa IL (2006) From cnidarians to mammals: the use of animals as remedies in fishing communities in NE Brazil. J Ethnopharmacol 107:259–276PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Albuquerque UP (2005) Introdução à etnobotânica. Editora Interciência, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stepp JR, Moerman DE (2001) The importance of weeds in ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol 75:19–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stepp JR (2004) The role of weeds as sources of pharmaceuticals. J Ethnopharmacol 92: 163–166PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Voeks RA (2004) Disturbance pharmacopoeias: medicine and myth from the humid tropics. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 94:868–888Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Almeida CFCBR, Silva TCL, Amorim ELC et al (2005) Life strategy and chemical composition as predictors of the selection of medicinal plants from the Caatinga (Northeast Brazil). J Arid Environ 62:127–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Albuquerque UP, Lucena RFP (2005) Can apparency affect the use of plants by local people in tropical forests? Interciencia 30:506–511Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Monteiro JM, Albuquerque UP, Lins Neto EMF (2006) Use patterns and knowledge of medicinal species among two rural communities in Brazil’s semi-arid northeastern region. J Ethnopharmacol 105:173–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Estomba D, Ladio A, Lozada M (2006) Medicinal wild plant knowledge and gathering patterns in a Mapuche community from North-western Patagonia. J Ethnopharmacol 103:109–119PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Araújo TAS, Alencar NL, Amorim ELC et al (2008) A new approach to study medicinal plants with tannins and flavonoids contents from the local knowledge. J Ethnopharmacol 120:72–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    McClatchey W (2006) Improving quality of international ethnobotany research and publications. Ethnobot Res Appl 4:1–9Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lima CP, Jeckel-Neto EA, Baracat EC et al (1999) Analisando teses e dissertações. Femina 27:805–808Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Castro AA (2002) Avaliação crítica da literatura: roteiro para a sessão de artigos de revista. AAC, Maceió. http://www.metodologia.org. Accessed 7 Aug 2006
  20. 20.
    Bernard HR (1995) Research methods in anthropology: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Altamira, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Martin GJ (1995) Ethnobotany: a people and plants conservation manual. Chapman & Hall, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Alexiades M (1996) Selected guidelines for ethnobotanical research: a field manual. New York Botanical Garden, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Albuquerque UP (2001) The use of medicinal plants by the cultural descendants of African people in Brazil. Acta Farm Bonaerense 20:139–144Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Albuquerque UP (2006) Folhas Sagradas—As Plantas Litúrgicas e Medicinais nos Cultos Afro-Brasileiros. NUPEEA, RecifeGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ikuta ARY (2001) Práticas fitotécnicas de uma comunidade indígena mbyá guarani, Varzinha, Rio Grande do Sul: da roça ao artezanato. Thesis, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Amorozo MCM (1996) A abordagem etnobotânica na pesquisa de plantas medicinais. In: Di Stasi LC (org.) Plantas medicinais: arte e ciência. Unesp, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Viertler RB (2002) Métodos antropológicos como ferramenta para estudos em etnobiologia e etnoecologia. In: Amorozo MCM, Ming LC, Silva SMP (orgs.) Métodos de coleta e análise de dados em Etnobiologia, Etnoecologia e Disciplinas correlatas. I Seminário de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia do Sudeste, Rio ClaroGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Edwards S, Nebel S, Heinrich M (2005) Questionnaire surveys: methodological and epistemological problems for field-based ethnopharmacologists. J Ethnopharmacol 100:30–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Berlin EA, Berlin B (2005) Some field methods in medical ethnobiology. Field Methods 17:235–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bermúdez A, Oliveira-Miranda MA, Velázquez D (2005) La investigación etnobotánica sobre plantas medicinales: una revisión de sus objetivos y enfoques actuales. Interciencia 30:453–459Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Waller DP (1993) Methods in ethnopharmacology. J Ethnopharmacol 38:189–195PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Etkin NL (2001) Perspectives in ethnopharmacology: forging a closer link between bioscience and traditional empirical knowledge. J Ethnopharmacol 76:177–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Canales M, Hernández T, Caballero J et al (2005) Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México. J Ethnopharmacol 97:429–439PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Amiguet VT, Arnason JT, Maquin P (2005) A consensus ethnobotany of the Q’eqchi’ Maya of southern Belize. Econ Bot 59:29–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Almeida CFCBR, Amorim ELC, Albuquerque UP et al (2006) Medicinal plants popularly used in the Xingo region—a semi-arid location in Northeastern Brazil. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:15PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Leduc C, Coonishish J, Haddad P et al (2006) Plants used by the Cree Nation of Eeyou Istchee (Quebec, Canada) for the treatment of diabetes: a novel approach in quantitative ethnobotany. J Ethnopharmacol 105:55–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Andrade-Cetto A, Becerra-Jiménez J, Martinez-Zurita E et al (2006) Disease-consensus index as a tool of selecting potential hypoglycemic plants in Chikindzonot, Yucatán, México. J Ethnopharmacol 107:199–204PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Berlin B (1999) Lexical reflections on the cultural importance of medicinal plants among Tzotzil and Tzeltal Maya. In: Gragson TL, Blount BG (eds) Ethnoecology: knowledge, resources and rights. The University of Georgia Press, AthensGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Di Stasi LC (2005) An integrated approach to identification and conservation of medicinal plants in the tropical forest—a Brazilian experience. Plant Genet Resour 3:199–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Ministério do Meio Ambiente (2000) Cópia do Decreto Legislativo número 2, de 5 de junho de 1992. http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/sbf_chm_rbbio/_arquivos/cdbport_72.pdf. Accessed 20 Sept 2012
  41. 41.
    Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (2002). Directrices de Bonn sobre Acceso a los Recursos Genéticos y Participación Justa y Equitativa en los Beneficios Provenientes de su Utilización. Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica, MontrealGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    International Society of Ethnobiology (2006) International Society of Ethnobiology Code of Ethics (with 2008 additions). http://ethnobiology.net/code-of-ethics. Accessed 20 Sept 2012
  43. 43.
    Cunha MC (1999) Populações tradicionais e a conservação da biodiversidade. Estudos Avançados 13:147–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cordell GA (2000) Biodiversity and drug discovery—a symbiotic relationship. Phytochemistry 55:463–480PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Tedlock B (2006) Indigenous heritage and biopiracy in the age of intellectual property rights. Explore 2:256–259PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Rodrigues E, Carlini E (2003) Levantamento etnofarmacológico realizado entre um grupo de quilombolas do Brasil. Arq Bras Fitomed Cientif 1:80–87Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Rodrigues E, Carlini E (2003) Possíveis efeitos sobre o sistema nervoso central de plantas utilizadas por duas culturas brasileiras (quilombolas e índios). Arq Bras Fitomed Científ 1:147–154Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Platiau AFB, Varella MD (2004) Diversidade biológica e conhecimentos tradicionais. Coleção Direito Ambiental. Del Rey, Belo HorizonteGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    McClatchey W (2005) Exorcing misleading terms from ethnobotany. Ethnobot Res Appl 3:1–4Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Elisabetsky E (2003) Direitos de propriedade intelectual e distribuição equitativa de benefícios no contexto de inovação tecnológica. In: Anais do I Simpósio de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia da região Sul: aspectos humanos da biodiversidade. Sociedade Brasileira de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia, FlorianópolisGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Spata AV (2005) Métodos de pesquisa: ciências do comportamento e diversidade humana. Livros Técnicos e Científicos Editora S.A, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brasil (2008) Diferenças entre a MP 2.186-16 e o Anteprojeto de Lei. http://www.mma.gov.br/ascom/ultimas/index.cfm?id=3774. Accessed 3 Feb 2008
  53. 53.
    Lavratti PC (2004) Acesso ao patrimônio genético e aos conhecimentos tradicionais associados. http://www.museu-goeldi.br/institucional/i_prop_documen.htm. Accessed 17 Feb 2008
  54. 54.
    Verpoorte R, Houghton PJ, Heinrich M et al (2006) Editorial. J Ethnopharmacol 103:309–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pieroni A (2006) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine: achievements and perspectives. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2:10PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Moerman DE (2005) An open letter to SEB members, and readers of Economic Botany, from the editor in chief. Econ Bot 59:309–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Posey DA, Dutfield G (1996) Beyond intellectual property: toward traditional resource rights for indigenous peoples and local communities. International Development Research Center, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Moran K, King SR, Carlson TJ (2001) Biodiversity prospecting: lessons and prospects. Annu Rev Anthropol 30:505–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
    • 1
  • Natalia Hanazaki
    • 2
  • Joabe Gomes de Melo
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied and Theoretical Ethnobiology, Department of BiologyFederal Rural University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and ZoologyUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

Personalised recommendations