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Introduction

Protocol
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Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)

Abstract

Entompathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are created in the nature with significant unique characteristics. The efficacy of EPN application in the field as bio-insecticides depends on its virulence, host finding, environmental tolerance and persistence, and also in the selection of the appropriate nematode that matches with the particular target pest. Understanding the biology, adaptability and identification of these entomopathogenic nematodes with their bacterial symbionts play a key role in their successful application.

Keywords

entomon Pathogenic Model system Infective juveniles Application 

References

  1. 1.
    Kaya HK, Gaugler R (1993) Entomopathogenic nematodes. Annu Rev Entomol 38:181–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cranshaw WS, Zimmerman R (2013) Insect parasitic nematodes. Fact sheet no. 5.573. Colorado State University extensionGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyMother Teresa Women’s UniversityKodaikanalIndia

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