Protocols for GC-Based Methods for Generic and Environmental Hydrocarbon Analysis

  • Clifford C. WaltersEmail author
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


Gas chromatography (GC) is the most widely used analysis for determining the structural distribution and quantification of hydrocarbons in complex mixtures. A sample dissolved in a solvent is vaporized and carried by a gas phase, usually helium or hydrogen, allowing individual components to separate as they interact with a thin-film coating of stationary phase, typically a chemically bonded polymer attached to the inner walls of a capillary column. Identification and quantification of the eluting components are made using universal and/or selective detectors (e.g., flame ionization, mass spectrometer). Several standard industry and government-issued environmental methods are listed, and specific protocols for various hydrocarbon analyses are discussed.


Capillary column FID Gas chromatography Injector MS 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ExxonMobil Research & Engineering CompanyAnnandaleUSA

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