Protocols for the Chemical Analysis of Hydrocarbons in Petroleum Oils and the Assessment of Environmental Contamination
The composition of petroleum oils and their products is highly complex. A tiered approach to the chemical analysis is presented, ranging from relatively simple bulk assessments through to intricate fingerprinting techniques. An example of a standard operating procedure is included to provide detailed guidance for the analysis of hydrocarbons in petroleum oils. Environmental considerations with respect to weathering and degradation are also addressed to afford the assessment of environmental contamination following spillages. More comprehensive texts on the topic are identified.
KeywordsAnalysis Biomarkers Environmental weathering Fingerprinting GC-FID GC-MS Hydrocarbons Molecular markers Oil spills PAH Petroleum oils
The authors acknowledge partial financial support by Defra (Project Ref. ME1312) and MICINN (CTM2008-02718-E/MAR and CTM2008-02721-E/MAR) through the project ‘European concerted action to foster prevention and best response to Accidental marine Pollution – ‘AMPERA’ (ERAC-CT2005-016165) within the framework of the EU ERA-Net Initiative (6th Framework Program).
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