pp 1-8

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series

Scaffold-Based and Scaffold-Free Testicular Organoids from Primary Human Testicular Cells



Organoid systems take advantage of the self-organizing capabilities of cells to create diverse multi-cellular tissue surrogates that constitute a powerful novel class of biological models. Clearly, the formation of a testicular organoid (TO) in which human spermatogenesis can proceed from a single-cell suspension would exert a tremendous impact on research and development, clinical treatment of infertility, and screening of potential drugs and toxic agents. Recently, we showed that primary adult and pubertal human testicular cells auto-assembled in TOs either with or without the support of a natural testis scaffold. These mini-tissues harboured both the spermatogonial stem cells and their important niche cells, which retained certain specific functions during long-term culture. As such, human TOs might advance the development of a system allowing human in vitro spermatogenesis. Here we describe the methodology to make scaffold-based and scaffold-free TOs.


Testis Organoid Primary cells Extracellular matrix Scaffold In vitro spermatogenesis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology of the Testis, Research Laboratory for Reproduction, Genetics and Regenerative MedicineVrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB)BrusselsBelgium

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