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A Rapid Method for Generating Large Numbers of High-Affinity Monoclonal Antibodies from a Single Mouse

  • Nguyen thi Man
  • Glenn E. Morris
Protocol
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)

Abstract

Since the first description by Kohler and Milstein (1), many variations on this method for the production of monoclonal antibodies (MAb) have appeared (e.g., see refs. 2, 3, 4 and Chapter 143), and it may seem superfluous to add another. The variation we describe here, however, includes a number of refinements that enable rapid (6–10 wk) production from a single spleen of large numbers (20–30) of cloned, established hybridoma lines producing antibodies of high-affinity. We have applied this method to recombinant fusion proteins containing fragments of the muscular dystrophy protein dystrophin (5,6), and dystrophin-related proteins (7), to hepatitis B surface antigen (8) and to the enzyme creatine kinase (CK) (9), and have used the MAb thus produced for immunodiagnosis, epitope mapping, and studies of protein structure and function (5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12). Epitopes shared with other proteins are common, so availability of several MAb against different epitopes on a protein can be important in ensuring the desired specificity in immunolocalization and Western blotting studies (7).

Keywords

Creatine Kinase Myeloma Cell Microwell Plate Western Blotting Study Spleen Cell Suspension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Langone, J. J. and Van Vunakis, H. (eds.) (1986) Methods in enzymology, in Immunochemical Techniques, vol. 121, part I. Academic, New York.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goding, J. W. (1986) Monoclonal Antibodies: Principles and Practice. Academic, New York.Google Scholar

References

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    Zola, H. and Brooks, D. (1982) Techniques for the production and characterization of monoclonal hybridoma antibodies, in Monoclonal Antibodies: Techniques and Applications (Hurrell, J. G., ed.), CRC, FL, pp. 1–57.Google Scholar
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    Nguyen thi Man, Cartwright, A. J., Morris, G. E., Love, D. R., Bloomfield, J. F., and Davies, K. E. (1990) Monoclonal antibodies against defined regions of the muscular dystrophy protein, dystrophin. FEBS Lett. 262, 237–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ellis, J. M., Nguyen thi Man, Morris, G. E., Ginjaar, I. B., Moorman, A. F. M., and van Ommen, G.-J. B. (1990) Specifity of dystrophin analysis improved with monoclonal antibodies. Lancet 336, 881,882PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Nguyen thi Man, Ellis, J. M., Love, D. R., Davies, K. E., Gatter, K. C., Dickson, G., and Morris, G. E. (1991) Localization of the DMDL-gene-encoded dystrophin-related protein using a panel of 19 monoclonal antibodies. Presence at neuromuscular junctions, in the sarcolemma of dystrophic skeletal muscle, in vascular and other smooth muscles and in proliferating brain cell lines. J. Cell Biol. 115, 1695–1700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Le Thiet Thanh, Nguyen thi Man, Buu Mat Phan, Ngoc Tran Nguyen, thi Vinh Ha, and Morris, G. E. (1991) Structural relationships between hepatitis B surface antigen in human plasma and dimers of recombinant vaccine: a monoclonal antibody study. Virus Res. 21, 141–154.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Sedgwick, S. G., Nguyen thi Man, Ellis, J. M., Crowne, H., and Morris, G. E., (1991) Rapid mapping by transposon mutagenesis of epitopes on the muscular dystrophy protein, dystrophin. Nucleic Acids Research 19, 5889–5894.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nguyen thi Man
    • 1
  • Glenn E. Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.MRIC, NE Wales InstituteDeeside, ClwydUK

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