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Nanotechnology with S-layer Proteins

  • Bernhard SchusterEmail author
  • Uwe B. Sleytr
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2073)

Abstract

Nanosciences are distinguished by the cross-fertilization of biology, chemistry, material sciences, and solid-state physics and, hence, open up a great variety of new opportunities for innovation. The technological utilization of self-assembly systems, wherein molecules spontaneously associate under equilibrium conditions into reproducible supramolecular structures, is one key challenge in nanosciences for life and non-life science applications. The attractiveness of such processes is due to their ability to build uniform, ultra-small functional units with predictable properties down to the nanometer scale. Moreover, newly developed techniques and methods open up the possibility to exploit these structures at meso- and macroscopic scale. An immense significance at innovative approaches for the self-assembly of supramolecular structures and devices with dimensions of a few to tens of nanometers constitutes the utilization of crystalline bacterial cell surface proteins. The latter have proven to be particularly suited as building blocks in a molecular construction kit comprising of all major classes of biological molecules. The controlled immobilization of biomolecules in an ordered fashion on solid substrates and their directed confinement in definite areas of nanometer dimensions are key requirements for many applications including the development of bioanalytical sensors, biochips, molecular electronics, biocompatible surfaces, and signal processing between functional membranes, cells, and integrated circuits.

Key words

Surface layers S-Layers Two-dimensional protein crystals Biomimetics Self-assembly Nanotechnology Nanobiotechnology Nanoparticle Construction kit Supported lipid membranes 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The research was funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), project P 29399-B22.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NanoBiotechnology, Institute for Synthetic BioarchitecturesUniversity of Natural Resources and Life SciencesViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of NanoBiotechnology, Institute for BiophysicsUniversity of Natural Resources and Life SciencesViennaAustria

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