Determination of Blood Sugar
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Blood sugar/glucose level is the extent of glucose present in the blood of a human or animal. Glucose is the most vital carbohydrate in the body. In the fed state, the majority of circulating glucose comes from the diet; in the fasting state, gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis maintain glucose concentrations. Normally the blood sugar level ranges between 80 and 120 mg/100 ml of blood. In mild diabetic conditions, it ranges between 140 and 300 mg/100 ml of blood, and in severe diabetic conditions, blood sugar level has been observed up to 1200 mg/100 ml of blood. The decreased sugar level was observed due to Addison’s disease, insulin administration, hypopituitarism, and hypoglycemia.