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Current Situation of Malaria in Africa

  • Wilfred Fon Mbacham
  • Lawrence Ayong
  • Magellan Guewo-Fokeng
  • Valerie Makoge
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2013)

Abstract

Malaria infection is one of the major causes of deaths in the African continent. The high burden of malaria in Africa is due to P. falciparum, which adapts and cospecializes with Anopheles gambiae, the most effective and widespread malaria vector. Since 2000, the incidence of malaria has been reduced by 17% and malaria mortality rates by 26%. However, the rate of decline has stalled and even reversed in some regions since 2014. In 2017 as described by the latest World malaria report, 219 million malaria cases were reported, up from 2017 million cases reported in 2016 in 91 countries, and the global tally of malaria deaths reached 435,000 deaths, compared with 451,000 estimated deaths in 2016. Despite these achievements, the African region continues to account for about 92% of malaria cases and deaths worldwide. Therefore, it is important to master the current situation of malaria in Africa to see how to better plan its elimination. In this chapter, we present the current situation and prospective means to improve it, including a salutogenesis approach.

Key words

Malaria Burden Salutogenesis Africa 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilfred Fon Mbacham
    • 1
  • Lawrence Ayong
    • 2
  • Magellan Guewo-Fokeng
    • 3
  • Valerie Makoge
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Yaoundé 1YaoundéCameroon
  2. 2.Malaria Research UnitCentre Pasteur du CamerounYaoundéCameroon
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Yaoundé 1YaoundéCameroon
  4. 4.Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plants Studies (IMPM)Ministry of Scientific Research and InnovationYaoundéCameroon

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