Protein S-acylation (palmitoylation) is a reversible lipid modification that is increasingly recognized as an important regulator of protein function, including membrane association, trafficking, and subcellular localization. Most proteomic methods to study palmitoylation allow characterization of putative palmitoylated proteins but do not permit identification of individual sites of palmitoylation. We have recently adapted the Acyl-Biotin Exchange (ABE) method that is routinely used for palmitoyl-proteome characterization, to permit global S-acylation site analysis. This site-specific ABE (ssABE) protocol, when combined with SILAC-based quantification, allows both the large-scale identification of palmitoylation sites and quantitative profiling of palmitoylation site changes. This approach enables palmitoylation to be studied at a systems level comparable to other more intensively studied post-translational modifications.
Protein S-Acylation Palmitoylation Membrane Proteomic Mass spectrometry Quantitative
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