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Computational Analysis of Altering Cell Fate

  • Hussein M. AbdallahEmail author
  • Domitilla Del Vecchio
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1975)

Abstract

The notion of reprogramming cell fate is a direct challenge to the traditional view in developmental biology that a cell’s phenotypic identity is sealed after undergoing differentiation. Direct experimental evidence, beginning with the somatic cell nuclear transfer experiments of the twentieth century and culminating in the more recent breakthroughs in transdifferentiation and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) reprogramming, have rewritten the rules for what is possible with cell fate transformation. Research is ongoing in the manipulation of cell fate for basic research in disease modeling, drug discovery, and clinical therapeutics. In many of these cell fate reprogramming experiments, there is often little known about the genetic and molecular changes accompanying the reprogramming process. However, gene regulatory networks (GRNs) can in some cases be implicated in the switching of phenotypes, providing a starting point for understanding the dynamic changes that accompany a given cell fate reprogramming process. In this chapter, we present a framework for computationally analyzing cell fate changes by mathematically modeling these GRNs. We provide a user guide with several tutorials of a set of techniques from dynamical systems theory that can be used to probe the intrinsic properties of GRNs as well as study their responses to external perturbations.

Key words

iPSC Transdifferentiation Cell fate Dynamical systems Gene regulatory network 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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