Targeted PCR Amplification and Multiplex Sequencing of Ancient DNA for SNP Analysis
The analysis of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has proven to be advantageous for addressing variation within samples of highly degraded or low-quality DNA samples. This is because only short fragments need to be amplified to analyze SNPs, and this can be achieved by multiplex PCR. Here, we present a sensitive method for the targeted sequencing of SNP loci that requires only small amounts of template DNA. The approach combines multiplex amplification of very short fragments covering SNP positions followed by sample barcoding and next-generation sequencing. This method allows generation of data from large sample sets of poorly preserved specimens, such as fossil remains, forensic samples, and museum specimens. The approach is cost-effective, rapid, and applicable to forensics, population genetics, and phylogenetic research questions.
Key wordsAncient DNA Single-nucleotide polymorphism Multiplex PCR Next-generation sequencing Library preparation
Thanks to Johanna Paijmans for the opportunity to contribute to this special edition and to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for financial support.
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