Methods for the Simple and Reliable Assessment of Barley Sensitivity to Abiotic Stresses During Early Development
Physiological assays that facilitate screening for various types of responses to abiotic stresses are well established for model plants such as Arabidopsis; however, there is a need to optimize similar tests for cereal crops, including barley. We have developed a set of stress assays to characterize the response of different barley lines during two stages of development—seed germination and seedling growth. The assays presented, including the response to osmotic, salt, oxidative stresses, and exogenously applied abscisic acid, can be used for forward screening of populations after mutagenesis as well as for phenotyping of already isolated mutants, cultivars, or breeding lines. As well as protocols for stress treatments, we also provide methods for plant stress response evaluation, such as chlorophyll a fluorescence (ChlF) and image analysis.
Key wordsAbiotic stresses Drought stress Salt stress Osmotic stress Oxidative stress Seed germination Seedling development High-resolution imaging Barley Assays
This work was supported by the European Regional Development Fund through the Innovative Economy for Poland 2007–2013, project WND-POIG.01.03.01-00-101/08 POLAPGEN-BD “Biotechnological tools for breeding cereals with increased resistance to drought,” task 22; National Science Centre, Poland, project SONATA 2015/19/D/NZ1/03441.
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