The Use of Multivariate Tools in Studies of Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Management Systems

  • Cristina BaldaufEmail author
  • Nivea Dias dos Santos
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


The use of multivariate analyses in diverse ethnosciences has greatly increased in recent decades, allowing for quantitative studies of different questions related to traditional knowledge and its applications. The potential use of those analytical tools, however, has still been modest in terms of the field of ethnoecology. Within that context, the present chapter begins with a panoramic view of the use of multivariate analyses in ethnobiology and ethnoecology and the principal themes and questions that have been recently addressed in scientific publications. We discuss here the principal types of data, matrices, and techniques of multivariate analysis, as well as data transformation, the construction of multivariate matrices, and the choice of appropriate analytical techniques for each type of data set. Finally, we provide examples of the application of those multivariate methodologies in ethnoecology.

Key words

Ordination analysis Multivariate analysis Indirect analyses of gradients Canonic analyses Quantitative ethnoecology 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiosciencesFederal Rural University of Semiarid Region (UFERSA)MossoróBrazil
  2. 2.Department of BotanyFederal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ)SeropédicaBrazil

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