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Multidimensional Analyses for Testing Ecological, Ethnobiological, and Conservation Hypotheses

  • Thiago Gonçalves-SouzaEmail author
  • Michel V. Garey
  • Fernando R. da Silva
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
  • Diogo B. Provete
Protocol
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)

Abstract

This chapter outlines the commonest multidimensional analysis used in ecology, ethnobiology, and conservation. After mastering how to create a scientific research workflow based on a problem-based platform (Chap.  7, in this book), readers will learn how to visualize complex datasets (e.g., species or ethnospecies lists, several social-political or environmental variables, and so on), and test multivariate hypotheses. We provide a full reproducible example of every analysis discussed in this chapter as an Online Material. We further encourage students and researchers to move from a “description-based multidimensional analysis” (such as using unconstrained ordination, like PCA) to an explicit hypothesis-testing framework that can greatly improve learning and research programs.

Key words

Data analysis Hypothesis testing Scientific research workflow Ordination 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thiago Gonçalves-Souza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michel V. Garey
    • 2
  • Fernando R. da Silva
    • 3
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
    • 4
  • Diogo B. Provete
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ecologia Filogenética e Funcional, Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Ecologia de Metacomunidades, Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da NaturezaUniversidade Federal da Integração Latino-AmericanaFoz do IguaçuBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Ecologia Teórica: Integrando Tempo, Biologia e Espaço (LET.IT.BE), Departamento de Ciências AmbientaisUniversidade Federal de São CarlosSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução de Sistemas Socioecológicos (LEA), Departamento de Botânica, Centro de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratório de Síntese em Biodiversidade, Setor de Ecologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de Mato Grosso do SulMato Grosso do SulBrazil

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