Implementing Ethnobiological Research: Pretests, Quality Control, and Protocol Reviews

  • Temóteo Luiz Lima da Silva
  • Joelson Moreno Brito Moura
  • Juliane Souza Luiz Hora
  • Edwine Soares de Oliveira
  • André dos Santos Souza
  • Nylber Augusto da Silva
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


In this chapter, we present the importance of pretests and pilot studies to identify practical problems in relation to data collection instruments. We also present recommendations for writing and structuring research instruments, as well as ways to test and revise them to ensure their validity and reliability. These stages cannot be neglected and must precede the beginning of the research to ensure that the information that will be obtained can reliably measure the phenomenon studied.

Key words

Validity Reliability Cognitive interview 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Temóteo Luiz Lima da Silva
    • 1
  • Joelson Moreno Brito Moura
    • 1
  • Juliane Souza Luiz Hora
    • 1
  • Edwine Soares de Oliveira
    • 2
  • André dos Santos Souza
    • 1
  • Nylber Augusto da Silva
    • 1
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Programa de Pós-graduação em Etnobiologia e Conservação da NaturezaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução de Sistemas Socioecológicos, Departamento de Botânica, Centro de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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