BCL-2 Protein Family Interaction Analysis by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  • Thomas P. Garner
  • Evripidis GavathiotisEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1877)


Biomolecular nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a powerful and versatile method for studying both protein–protein interactions (PPIs) and protein–small molecule binding. NMR has been used extensively in the investigation of BCL-2 family proteins revealing the structure of key family members, identifying binding partners and interaction sites, and screening small molecule modulators. In this chapter we discuss the application of NMR to identify interaction sites and structure determination of protein–protein and protein–small molecule complexes using two examples.

Key words

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) Protein–protein interactions (PPI) Chemical shift perturbation (CSP) Paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) BCL-2 family BCL-2 BAX MCL-1 



We would like to thank current and past members of the Gavathiotis Laboratory for contributing to the optimization of this protocol and research. This work was supported by an NCI grant 1R01CA178394 and awards from the Sidney Kimmel Foundation for Cancer Research, the Gabrielle’s Angels Foundation for Cancer Research, the Alexandrine and Alexander L. Sinsheimer Foundation, the Pershing Square Sohn Cancer Research Alliance, the American Heart Association Collaborative Science Award (15CSA26240000), the Fondation Leducq Transatlantic Network of Excellence grant (RA15CVD04) and the Irma T. Hirschl Trust Career Award. NMR data were collected with support from NIH awards 1S10OD016305 and P30 CA013330.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas P. Garner
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Evripidis Gavathiotis
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  3. 3.Albert Einstein Cancer CenterAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  4. 4.Wilf Family Cardiovascular Research InstituteAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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