The goal of our research is to increase our understanding of how biology works at the molecular level, with a particular focus on how enzymes evolve their functions through adaptations to generate new specificities and mechanisms. FunTree (Sillitoe and Furnham, Nucleic Acids Res 44:D317–D323, 2016) is a resource that brings together sequence, structure, phylogenetic, and chemical and mechanistic information for 2340 CATH superfamilies (Sillitoe et al., Nucleic Acids Res 43:D376–D381, 2015) (which all contain at least one enzyme) to allow evolution to be investigated within a structurally defined superfamily.
We will give an overview of FunTree’s use of sequence and structural alignments to cluster proteins within a superfamily into structurally similar groups (SSGs) and generate phylogenetic trees augmented by ancestral character estimations (ACE). This core information is supplemented with new measures of functional similarity (Rahman et al., Nat Methods 11:171–174, 2014) to compare enzyme reactions based on overall bond changes, reaction centers (the local environment atoms involved in the reaction), and the structural similarities of the metabolites involved in the reaction. These trees are also decorated with taxonomic and Enzyme Commission (EC) code and GO annotations, forming the basis of a comprehensive web interface that can be found at http://www.funtree.info. In this chapter, we will discuss the various analyses and supporting computational tools in more detail, describing the steps required to extract information.
FunTree Enzyme evolution CATH EC-Blast Phylogenetic tree
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Springer Nature is developing a new tool to find and evaluate Protocols. Learn more
Ribeiro AJM, Holliday GL, Furnham N et al (2018) Mechanism and Catalytic Site Atlas (M-CSA): a database of enzyme reaction mechanisms and active sites. Nucleic Acids Res 46(D1):D618–D623CrossRefGoogle Scholar