Enrichment of Cell Surface-Associated Proteins in Gram-Positive Bacteria by Biotinylation or Trypsin Shaving for Mass Spectrometry Analysis

  • Florian Bonn
  • Sandra Maaß
  • Jan Maarten van DijlEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1841)


In microbial cells surface-exposed proteins represent a physiologically important class of molecules as they enable these cells to interact with their environment both as free-living organisms and during interactions with a host. However, the characteristics of these proteins are quite divergent, which makes attempts to enrich, analyze, and quantify these molecules a challenging task. In this chapter two complementary methods for the enrichment and identification of cell surface-associated proteins, namely the biotinylation and the shaving approaches, are presented. Both protocols have been optimized for Gram-positive bacteria, and we provide a step-by-step guide for sample generation. Possible pitfalls during protein preparation are discussed.

Key words

Proteins Cell surface Cell wall Membrane Lipid anchor Shaving Biotinylation Virulence factor 



This work was supported by grants from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB TRR 34 and GRK 1870) and Top Institute Pharma projects T4-213 and T4-502.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian Bonn
    • 1
  • Sandra Maaß
    • 2
  • Jan Maarten van Dijl
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry II, University HospitalGoethe University School of MedicineFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Department of Microbial Proteomics, Institute for MicrobiologyUniversity GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  3. 3.Department of Medical Microbiology—Molecular BacteriologyUniversity Medical Center Groningen (UMCG)GroningenThe Netherlands

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