An Overview of Genome-Wide Association Studies

  • Michelle Chang
  • Lin He
  • Lei Cai
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1754)

Abstract

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful study design to identify genetic variants of a trait and, in particular, detect the association between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and common human diseases such as heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease, type 2 diabetes, and psychiatric disorders. The standard strategy of population-based case-control studies for GWAS is illustrated in this chapter. We provide an overview of the concepts underlying GWAS, as well as provide guidelines for statistical methods performed in GWAS.

Key words

Genome-wide association studies SNPs Linkage disequilibrium Case-control Two-stage analysis Genotyping Common disease common variant hypothesis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michelle Chang
    • 1
  • Lin He
    • 1
  • Lei Cai
    • 1
  1. 1.Bio-X Institutes, Key Laboratory for the Genetics of Developmental and Neuropsychiatric Disorders (Ministry of Education), Collaborative Innovation Center of Genetics and DevelopmentShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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