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Polyamines pp 489-508 | Cite as

Potential Applications of Polyamines in Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology

  • Antonio F. Tiburcio
  • Rubén Alcázar
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1694)

Abstract

The polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine have been implicated in a myriad of biological functions in many organisms. Research done during the last decades has accumulated a large body of evidence demonstrating that polyamines are key modulators of plant growth and development. Different experimental approaches have been employed including the measurement of endogenous polyamine levels and the activities of polyamine metabolic enzymes, the study of the effects resulting from exogenous polyamine applications and chemical or genetic manipulation of endogenous polyamine titers. This chapter reviews the role of PAs in seed germination, root development, plant architecture, in vitro plant regeneration, flowering and plant senescence. Evidence presented here indicates that polyamines should be regarded as plant growth regulators with potential applications in agriculture and plant biotechnology.

Key words

Putrescine Spermidine Spermine Polyamines Plant growth and development Seed germination Vegetative and reproductive development Senescence Agriculture Biotechnology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

A.F.T. acknowledges funding support from Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (BIO2011-29683). R.A. acknowledges further funding support from the Ramón y Cajal Program (RYC-2011-07847) of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Spain), the BFU2013-41337-P grant of the Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain) and a Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (DISEASENVIRON, PCIG10-GA-2011-303568) of the European Union. R.A. and A.F.T. are members of the Group de Recerca Consolidat 2014 SGR-920 of the Generalitat de Catalunya.

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Healthcare and Environment, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Section of Plant PhysiologyUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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