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Computer-Aided Drug Design for the Identification of Novel Antischistosomal Compounds

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Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2151)

Abstract

Schistosomiasis is a chronic neglected tropical disease, highlighted by the presence of Schistosoma worms, which presents in advanced cases in approximately 80 countries, affecting almost 300 million people. The treatment is based on only one drug, praziquantel, a drug discovered in the 1970s that shows moderate efficacy against the adult parasite, but low efficacy against the larval stages of the parasite. Therefore, the use of only one drug has brought concerns and losses on drug-resistance cases, necessitating the development of new effective chemotherapeutic agents against Schistosoma species. One of the strategies that have been implemented in drug development is the computer-aided drug design (CADD), investigating the structural characteristics of the compounds and targets in order to understand their actions and biological activities through 3D virtual manipulation, as the QSAR applied to ligands and molecular docking applied to a respective biological target. These studies help to extract information and characteristics relevant to the activity, as well as to predict potential applications and activity. Therefore, this chapter will present the main validated biological targets of the genus Schistosoma, as thioredoxin glutathione reductase (TGR), histone deacetylases (HDAC 1, HDAC 8), dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, sirtuin protein and cathepsin L1, as well as reports of CADD in literature applied to the development of drugs against schistosomiasis, providing compounds with high pharmacological potential and high specificity.

Key words

Schistosomiasis In silico studies Antischistosomal activity QSAR Docking studies 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of Paraíba, Health CenterJoão PessoaBrazil

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