Transmission of Viruses by Whiteflies

  • Alangar Ishwara Bhat
  • Govind Pratap Rao
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


The whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci, Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) are efficient vectors of many plant viruses (Begomovirus, Carlavirus, Crinivirus, Ipomovirus, Torradovirus). Whiteflies are known to transmit more than 80 virus diseases mainly in the tropical and subtropical countries. Many of the whitefly transmitted viruses cause yellow or golden mosaic or leaf curl symptoms. Whitefly transmitted viruses have non-persistent, semi-persistent and persistent relationships.

Key words

Non-persistent viruses Semi-persistent viruses Circulative transmission Begomovirus Carlavirus Crinivirus Ipomovirus Torradovirus 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alangar Ishwara Bhat
    • 1
  • Govind Pratap Rao
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Crop ProtectionICAR-Indian Institute of Spices ResearchKozhikodeIndia
  2. 2.Division of Plant PathologyICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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