Transmission Through Seeds

  • Alangar Ishwara Bhat
  • Govind Pratap Rao
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


Seeds provide an efficient means in disseminating plant virus diseases. Transmission of viruses through seeds plays an important role in the long distance spread of viruses. Unlike vectors, infected seeds can be carried away to distant places where they act as primary source of inoculum for spread of a virus. A few of the seed-borne viruses may be carried as surface contaminants while others are carried through embryo considered as true seed-borne viruses.

Key words

Hordeivirus Ilarvirus Nepovirus Potyvirus Tobamovirus Tobravirus Virus transmission Surface contamination Embryo-borne virus 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alangar Ishwara Bhat
    • 1
  • Govind Pratap Rao
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Crop ProtectionICAR-Indian Institute of Spices ResearchKozhikodeIndia
  2. 2.Division of Plant PathologyICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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