In Situ Immobilization of Enzymes in Biomimetic Silica
In this chapter we describe different strategies for enzyme immobilization in biomimetic silica nanoparticles. Synthesis of this type of support is performed under mild and biocompatible conditions and has been proven suitable for the immobilization and stabilization of a range of enzymes and enzymatic systems in nanostructured particles. Immobilization occurs by entrapment while the silica matrix is formed via catalysis of a polyamine molecule and the presence of silicic acid. Parameters such as enzyme, polyamine molecule, or source of Si concentration have been tailored in order to maximize enzymatic loads, stabilities, and specific activities of the catalysts. We provide different approaches for the immobilization and co-immobilization of enzymes that could be potentially extensible to other biocatalysts.
Key wordsBiomimetic silica Enzyme immobilization Entrapment
- 22.Llewellyn NM, Spencer JB (2008) Chemoenzymatic acylation of aminoglycoside antibiotics. Chem Commun 3786–3788Google Scholar