Advertisement

Perspectives on Responding to Climate Change in Rocky Mountain National Park

  • Ben Bobowski
  • Isabel W. Ashton
  • William B. Monahan
Chapter
  • 361 Downloads

Abstract

Thousands of years before Rocky Mountain National Park was established, people came to the area to experience its beauty and its wildlife and, for many, to re-create themselves. And it remains so today. How do we protect this special place so future generations may have the same opportunities?

Keywords

Climate Change Snow Water Equivalent Climate Change Issue Exotic Annual Grass Park Staff 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Allen, J. A., C. S. Brown, and T. J. Stohlgren. 2009. Non-native plant invasions of United States national parks. Biological Invasions 11:2195–2207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashton, I., E. W. Schweiger, J. Burke, D. Shorrock, D. Pillmore, and M. Britten. 2010. Alpine Vegetation Composition Structure and Soils Monitoring Protocol: 2010 Version. Natural Resource Report NPS/ROMN/NRR—2010/277. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service, Natural Resource Program Center.Google Scholar
  3. Ashton, I., J. Visty, E. W. Schweiger, and J. R. Janke. 2013. State of the Alpine Report for Rocky Mountain National Park: 2010 Summary Report. Natural Resource Data Series. NPS/ROMN/NRDS—2013/535. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  4. Banks, E. R., and W. L. Baker. 2011. Scale and pattern of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) invasion in Rocky Mountain National Park. Natural Areas Journal 31:377–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baron, J. S., ed. 1992. Biogeochemistry of a Subalpine Ecosystem: Loch Vale Watershed. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  6. Baron, J. S. 2006. Hindcasting nitrogen deposition to determine an ecological critical load. Ecological Applications 16:433–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Baron, J. S., M. D. Hartman, L. E. Band, and R. B. Lammers. 2000a. Sensitivity of a high-elevation Rocky Mountain watershed to altered climate and CO2. Water Resources Research 36:89–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baron, J. S., H. M. Rueth, A. M. Wolfe, K. R. Nydick, E. J. Allstott, J. T. Minear, and B. Moraska. 2000b. Ecosystem responses to nitrogen deposition in the Colorado Front Range. Ecosystems 3:352–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baron, J. S., T. M. Schmidt, and M. D. Hartman. 2009. Climate-induced changes in high elevation stream nitrate dynamics. Global Change Biology 15:1777–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Benedict, J. B., R. J. Benedict, C. M. Lee, and D. M. Staley. 2008. Spruce trees from a melting ice patch: Evidence for Holocene climatic change in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. The Holocene 18:1067–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bobowski, B. 2013. Research connections . . . a story. Rocky Mountain Nature Association Quarterly, 10–11. Rocky Mountain Nature Association.Google Scholar
  12. Bromberg, J. E., S. Kumar, C. S. Brown, and T. J. Stohlgren. 2011. Distributional changes and range predictions of downy brome (Bromus tectorum) in Rocky Mountain National Park. Invasive Plant Science and Management 4:173–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Clow, D. W. 2010. Changes in the timing of snowmelt and streamflow in Colorado: A response to recent warming. Journal of Climate 23:2293–2306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davey, C. A., K. T. Redmond, and D. B. Simeral. 2007. Weather and Climate Inventory, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Network. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/ROMN/NRTR—2007/036. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  15. Davis, C., C. S. Brown, and S. M. Esser. 2015. Managing cheatgrass with imazapic in Rocky Mountain National Park: Lessons learned from a six year study. In Rocky Mountain National Park Research Conference Proceedings. Estes Park, CO. http://www.nps.gov/rlc/continentaldivide/upload/CDRLC_Proceedings_2015-4.pdf.Google Scholar
  16. Diskin, M., M. E. Rocca, K. N. Nelson, C. F. Aoki, and W. Romme. 2011. Forest developmental trajectories in mountain pine beetle disturbed forests of Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41:782–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Esser, S. M. 2014. Topography, Disturbance and Climate: Subalpine Forest Change 1972–2014, Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University.Google Scholar
  18. Franke, M. A., T. L. Johnson, I. W. Ashton, and B. Bobowski. 2015. Natural Resource Vital Signs at Rocky Mountain National Park. Natural Resource Report. NPS/ROMO/NRR—2015/946. Fort Collins, CO: Natural Park Service.Google Scholar
  19. Fuller, B. 1981. Critical Path. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  20. Heath, J., and J. S. Baron. 2014. Climate, not atmospheric deposition, drives the biogeochemical mass-balance of a mountain watershed. Aquatic Geochemistry 20:167–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Higuera, P. E., C. E. Briles, and C. Whitlock. 2014. Fire-regime complacency and sensitivity to centennial-through millennial-scale climate change in Rocky Mountain subalpine forests, Colorado, USA. Journal of Ecology 102:1429–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hoffman, M. J., A. G. Fountain, and J. M. Achuff. 2007. 20th-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Annals of Glaciology 46:349–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Holling, C. S., ed. 1978. Adaptive Environmental Assessment and Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  24. Ingersoll, G. P., D. Campbell, A. Mast, D. W. Clow, L. Nanus, and B. Frakes. 2009. Snowpack Chemistry Monitoring Protocol for the Rocky Mountain Network: Narrative and Standard Operating Procedures. US Geological Survey Administrative Report. Fort Collins, CO.Google Scholar
  25. Jeffress, M. R., T. J. Rodhouse, C. Ray, S. Wolff, and C. W. Epps. 2013. The idiosyncrasies of place: Geographic variation in the climate–distribution relationships of the American pika. Ecological Applications 23:864–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lawler, J. J., T. H. Tear, C. Pyke, M. R. Shaw, P. Gonzalez, P. Kareiva, L. Hansen, L. Hannah, K. Klausmeyer, A. Aldous, C. Bienz, and S. Pearsall. 2010. Resource management in a changing and uncertain climate. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8:35–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lee, K. N. 1993. Compass and gyroscope: Integrating science and politcs for the environment. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  28. Lukas, J. J., J. J. Barsugli, N. Doesken, I. Rangwala, and K. Wolter. 2014. Climate change in Colorado: A synthesis to support water resources management and adaptation. Boulder: Western Water Assessment, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado Boulder.Google Scholar
  29. McWethy, D., S. T. Gray, P. E. Higuera, J. S. Littell, G. T. Pederson, A. J. Ray, and C. Whitlock. 2010. Climate and Terrestrial Ecosystem Change in the U.S. Rocky Mountains and Upper Columbia Basin: Historical and Future Perspectives for Natural Resource Management. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRYN/NRR—2010/260. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  30. Monahan, W. B., T. Cook, F. Melton, J. Connor, and B. Bobowski. 2013. Forecasting distributional responses of limber pine to climate change at management-relevant scales in Rocky Mountain National Park. PLOS ONE 8:e83163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Monahan, W. B., and N. A. Fisichelli. 2014. Climate exposure of US national parks in a new era of change. PLOS ONE 9:e101302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Morris, K., A. Mast, D. W. Clow, G. Wetherbee, J. S. Baron, C. Taipale, T. Blett, D. Gay, and J. Heath. 2014. 2012 Monitoring and Tracking Wet Deposition at Rocky Mountain National Park. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/ARD/NRR-2014/757. Denver, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  33. National Park Service. 2007a. Climate Change in Rocky Mountain National Park: Preservation in the Face of Uncertainty. Estes Park, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  34. National Park Serivce. 2007b. Rocky Mountain National Park Nitrogen Deposition Reduction Plan: Memorandum of Understanding. https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/AP_PO_Nitrogen-Deposition-Reduction-Plan-NDRP.pdf.
  35. National Park Service. 2010. National Park Service Climate Change Response Strategy. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service, Climate Change Response Program.Google Scholar
  36. National Park Service. 2014. Climate Change in Rocky Mountain National Park: Frequently Asked Questions. Estes Park, CO: Rocky Mountain National Park. http://www.nps.gov/romo/learn/nature/upload/Climate_Change_RMNP_FAQ.pdf.Google Scholar
  37. Peet, R. K. 1978. Forest vegetation of the Colorado Front Range: Patterns of species diversity. Vegetatio 37:65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Peet, R. 1981. Forest vegetation of the Colorado Front Range. Vegetatio 45:3–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Raffa, K. F., B. H. Aukema, B. J. Bentz, A. L. Carroll, J. A. Hicke, M. G. Turner, and W. H. Romme. 2008. Cross-scale drivers of natural disturbances prone to anthropogenic amplification: Dynamics of biome-wide bark beetle eruptions. BioScience 58:501–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rocca, M. E., and W. H. Romme. 2009. Beetle-infested forests are not “destroyed.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7:71–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schilling, D. R. 2013. Knowledge doubling every 12 months, soon to be every 12 hours. Industry Tap, April 19. http://www.industrytap.com/knowledge-doubling-every-12-months-soon-to-be-every-12-hours/3950.
  42. Schoettle, A. W., C. M. Cleaver, K. S. Burns, and J. J. Connor. In press. Limber Pine Conservation Strategy for the Greater Rocky Mountain National Park Area. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-XXX. Fort Collins, CO: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.Google Scholar
  43. Schwalm, D., C. W. Epps, T. J. Rodhouse, W. B. Monahan, J. A. Castillo, C. Ray, and M. R. Jeffress. In press. Habitat availability and gene flow influence diverging local population trajectories under scenarios of climate change: A place-based approach. Global Change Biology.Google Scholar
  44. Schweiger, E. W., E. Gage, K. M. Haynes, D. Cooper, L. O’Gan, and M. Britten. 2015a. Rocky Mountain Network Wetland Ecological Integrity Monitoring Protocol: Narrative, Version 1.0. Natural Resource Report NPS/ROMN/NRR—2015/991. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  45. Schweiger, E. W., L. O’Gan, E. Borgman, and M. Britten. 2015b. Rocky Mountain Network Stream Ecological Integrity Monitoring Protocol: Narrative, Version 1.0. Natural Resource Report NPS/ROMN/NRR—2015/1011. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.Google Scholar
  46. Sibold, J. S., T. T. Veblen, and M. E. González. 2006. Spatial and temporal variation in historic fire regimes in subalpine forests across the Colorado Front Range in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Journal of Biogeography 33:631–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stohlgren, T. J., A. J. Owen, and M. Lee. 2000. Monitoring shifts in plant diversity in response to climate change: A method for landscapes. Biodiversity and Conservation 9:65–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Theobald, D. M., J. S. Baron, P. Newman, B. Noon, J. B. Norman III, I. Leinwand, S. E. Linn, R. Sherer, K. E. Williams, and M. Hartman. 2010. A Natural Resource Condition Assessment for Rocky Mountain National Park. Natural Resource Report. NPS/NRPC/WRD/NRR—2010/228. Fort Collins, CO: National Forest Service, Natural Resource Program Center.Google Scholar
  49. Thomas, J. W. 1979. Preface. In Wildlife Habitats in Managed Forests—the Blue Mountains of Oregon, ed. J. W. Thomas, 6–7. Department of Agriculture Handbook No. 553. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  50. Thrasher, B., J. Xiong, W. Wang, F. Melton, A. Michaelis, and R. Nemani. 2013. Downscaled climate projections suitable for resource management. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 94:321–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Walters, C. 1986. Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  52. Wang, Q., X. Fan, and M. Wang. 2014. Recent warming amplification over high elevation regions across the globe. Climate Dynamics 43:87–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. West, A. M., S. Kumar, T. Wakie, C. S. Brown, T. J. Stohlgren, M. Laituri, and J. Bromberg. 2015. Using high-resolution future climate scenarios to forecast Bromus tectorum invasion in Rocky Mountain National Park. PLOS ONE 10: e0117893.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Williams, J. W., S. T. Jackson, and J. E. Kutzbach. 2007. Projected distributions of novel and disappearing climates by 2100 AD. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104:5738–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wolfe, A. P., A. C. Van Gorp, and J. S. Baron. 2003. Recent ecological and biogeochemical changes in alpine lakes of Rocky Mountain National Park (Colorado, USA): A response to anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. Geobiology 1:153–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Island Press 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Bobowski
  • Isabel W. Ashton
  • William B. Monahan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations