Participatory Processes

  • Peter J. BalintEmail author
  • Ronald E. Stewart
  • Anand Desai
  • Lawrence C. Walters


The goal of this chapter is to both review the best practices of participatory processes and outline an approach that provides sufficient and appropriate participation within the context of wicked environmental problems. It is now part of the received wisdom that public participation is essential in managing complex environmental problems. Such participation is both intended to elicit (at least implicitly) broadly held public values relevant to the management decision at hand, and to incorporate those values into the final decision. However, because typical participatory processes generally fall victim to shortcomings that limit their utility in dealing with wicked problems, decision makers are often frustrated with, and question, the ultimate benefits of public participation.


Decision Maker Public Participation Public Engagement Decision Alternative Participatory Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Island Press 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter J. Balint
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ronald E. Stewart
    • 2
  • Anand Desai
    • 3
  • Lawrence C. Walters
    • 4
  1. 1.George Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Brigham Young UniversityProvoUSA

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