The reconstruction of livestock farming in the Netherlands
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The outbreak of classic swine fever in the Netherlands in 1997 started a large-scale reconstruction process. This rather top-down land use planning exercise was intended to solve problems and to manage risks in food provision and livestock farming. A key feature of the process was its drastic interference in the spatial and environmental planning of livestock farming. The original aim was to radically restructure pig farming to prevent new outbreaks of livestock plagues in the future. In the course of time, however, the aim of the process was broadened, and more emphasis was put on an integral and systematic approach to the complex problems of spatial planning, environment, nature preservation, landscape, water and economics (VROM, 2003). This led to the Law on Reconstruction of Concentration Areas in 2002, which was designed to improve the quality of the environment (nature, landscape, water, and air quality) and the socio-economic vitality of rural areas. The Dutch national government, county councils and rural municipalities and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) participated in the process. The provincial governments were responsible for composing reconstruction plans with the rural municipalities and social sectors. These plans translated the national government’s starting points into actual measures and procedures tailored to the conditions in that particular area (Boonstra et al., 2007).
KeywordsLocal Actor Reconstruction Process Provincial Government Livestock Farming County Council
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