Use of Laser in Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery and Pain Management

  • John C. Chiu
  • Martin H. Savitz

Abstract

Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes are credited with the invention of the laser—light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation—dating back to 1958 with the publication of “Infrared and Optical Lasers.” The work of Schawlow and Townes traced back to the 1940s, when there was an attempt to create a device for studying molecular structure (1). Extending the research from microwaves to the infrared region of the spectrum required a series of mirrors to focus the shorter wavelengths. In 1960, a patent was granted for the laser. Townes was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964, and Schawlow in 1981 (2).

Keywords

Burning Quartz Arthritis Dioxide Microwave 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Chiu
    • 1
  • Martin H. Savitz
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurospine Surgery DepartmentCalifornia Spine Institute Medical Center Inc.Park
  2. 2.American Academy of Minimally Invasive Spinal Medicine and SurgeryUSA
  3. 3.MCP-Hahnemann School of MedicinePhiladelphia

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