Use of Laser in Minimally Invasive Spinal Surgery and Pain Management

  • John C. Chiu
  • Martin H. Savitz


Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes are credited with the invention of the laser—light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation—dating back to 1958 with the publication of “Infrared and Optical Lasers.” The work of Schawlow and Townes traced back to the 1940s, when there was an attempt to create a device for studying molecular structure (1). Extending the research from microwaves to the infrared region of the spectrum required a series of mirrors to focus the shorter wavelengths. In 1960, a patent was granted for the laser. Townes was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964, and Schawlow in 1981 (2).


Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Sympathetic Chain Intradiscal Pressure Thoracic Disc Herniation Lumbar Sympathectomy 
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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • John C. Chiu
    • 1
  • Martin H. Savitz
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurospine Surgery DepartmentCalifornia Spine Institute Medical Center Inc.Park
  2. 2.American Academy of Minimally Invasive Spinal Medicine and SurgeryUSA
  3. 3.MCP-Hahnemann School of MedicinePhiladelphia

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