Heart Failure

Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome identified by well-defined symptoms and hemodynamic findings caused by an abnormality of cardiac function that results in a relative decrease in cardiac output (CO) that triggers compensatory renal and neurohormonal changes (Fig. 5.1.)


Heart Failure Mitral Regurgitation Diastolic Dysfunction Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Constrictive Pericarditis 
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