Preoperative Management of Cardiac Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery
Cardiovascular complications account for approximately 50% of deaths in patients submitted to major noncardiac surgery, and more than 90% of these occurs in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). In the United States, approximately one million patients have a cardiac death, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction (MI), or myocardial ischemia after noncardiac surgery. The cost of in-hospital cardiac morbidity exceeds 10 billion dollars annually.
KeywordsAortic Stenosis Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Cardiac Patient Holter Monitoring Noncardiac Surgery
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