Electron Beam CT of the Heart

  • David G. Hill
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)

Abstract

Electron beam tomography (EBT) was developed by Douglas Boyd, PhD, and his associates at Imatron, starting in 1977; the first clinical installation was at University of California at San Francisco in 1984. The challenge was to design a CT scanner capable of imaging the heart without motion artifacts; this required data acquisition times of 100 ms or less. In order to study perfusion, covering most of the heart without moving the patient table was also necessary. Acquisition times of 100 ms or less required a design with no moving parts except for the patient table. The result is EBT, where an electron beam generates the X-ray views needed for CT by sweeping across fixed targets.

Keywords

Tungsten Cardiol Dura 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Mao S, Budoff MJ, Bakhsheshi H, Liu SC. Improved reproducibility of coronary artery calcium scoring by electron beam tomography with a new electrocardiographic trigger method. Invest Radiol 2001;36(7):363–367.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Achenbach S, Ropers D, Holle J, Muschiol G, Daniel WG, Moshage W. In-plane coronary arterial motion velocity: measurement with electron-beam CT. Radiology 2000;216(2):457–463.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1020 Section 33(c)(2)(i).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCullough C. Patient dose in computed tomography of the heart. Herz 2003;28:1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Budoff MJ, Raggi P. Coronary artery disease progression assessed by electron-beam computed tomography (review). Am J Cardiol 2001;88(2A):46E–50E.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Achenbach S, Moshage W, Ropers D, Nossen J, Daniel W. Value of electron beam computed tomography for the noninvasive detection of high-grade coronary-artery stenoses and occlusions. N Engl J Med 1998;22: 1964–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lu B, Zhuang N, Mao S, Bakhsheshhi H, Liu S, Budoff M. Image quality of three-dimentional electron beam coronary angiography. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2002;26:202–209.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Westra S, Hurteau J, Galindo A, McNitt-Gray M, Boechat M, Laks H. Cardiac electron-beam CT in children undergoing surgical repair for pulmonary atresia. Radiology 1999;213:502–512.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rumberger JA. Use of electron beam tomography to quantify cardiac diastolic function (review). Cardiol Clin 2000;18(3):547–556.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bell MR, Lerman LO, Rumberger JA. Validation of minimally invasive measurement of myocardial perfusion using electron beam computed tomography and application in human volunteers. Heart 1999;81:628–635.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Robinson T, Leung A, Moss R, Blankenberg F, Al-Dabbagh H, Northway W. Standardized high-resolution CT of the lung using spirometer-triggered electron beam CT scanner. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1999;172:1636–1638.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Agatston AS, Janowitz WR, Hildner FJ, Zusmer NR, Viamonte M Jr, Detrano R. Quantification of coronary artery calcium using ultrafast computed tomography. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;15:827–832.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Callister TQ, Cooil B, Raya SP, Lippolis NJ, Russo DJ, Raggi P. Coronary artery disease: improved reproducibility of calcium scoring with an electron-beam CT volumetric method. Radiology 1998;208: 807–814.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Utzheimer S, Kalender W. Assessment of calcium scoring performance in cardiac computed tomography. Eur Radiol 2003;13:484–497.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David G. Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.General Electric Medical SystemsSouth San Francisco

Personalised recommendations