Public Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Tajikistan

  • Harold H. Saunders
  • Parviz Mullojanov


“The government has neither the capacity nor the resources to put every town in our country on its feet economically,” said a citizen of Tajikistan—the poorest of the former Soviet republics—in 2001. “If anyone is going to do that job, the citizens of the towns themselves will have to do it.” Despite a decade of independence, this was still a revolutionary statement in the wake of 70 years of Soviet rule and centuries of rule by the Central Asian khanate that preceded.


Migration Economic Crisis Europe Income Explosive 


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Chapter Seven Public Peacemaking and Peacebuilding in Tajikistan

  1. 2.
    See Ramón Daubón and Harold H. Saunders, “Operationalizing Social Capital: A Strategy to Enhance Communities’ ‘Capacity to Concert’” International Studies Perspectives (Vol. 3, 2002), pp. 176–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ramón Daubón, “Dialogue for Development” International Studies Perspectives (Vol. 22, No. 1, Spring 2004), pp. 47–54. Daubón frequently uses the formulation “missing ingredient in fifty years of economic development theory” in his presentationsGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    See, for instance, Robert D. Putnam, Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of the American Community (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    in contrast to Carmen Sirianni and Lewis Friedland, Civic Innovation in America: Community Empowerment, Public Policy, and the Movement for Civic Renewal (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Harold H. Saunders 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold H. Saunders
  • Parviz Mullojanov

There are no affiliations available

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