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Over the past two decades, social-movement scholars have emphasized how opposition parties and traditions of nonelite protest contribute meeting places, experienced activists, and communication networks to later movements, and also pioneer tactics and strategies that later movement activists emulate, modify, or, in some cases, intentionally avoid. Several political parties, unions, shantytown communities, and other social organizations antedated Sendero Lumino. Some developed critiques of Peru’s distinctively dependent capitalist economy; some coined myths about the natural communalism of Andean Indians. Some experimented with electoral politics; some with guerrilla warfare. Some desired greater involvement of the state in the reconstruction of society; some were advocates of producer cooperatives and shantytown self-rule and approached the government ambivalently. From such diverse ideas, dreams, and experiences, Shining Path was born.
KeywordsElectoral Politics Opposition Parti Military Government Guerrilla Warfare Estate Owner
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