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Solidarity materialized partly as a response to the hardships that a communist-party state had produced when rapidly reconstructing and industrializing the Polish economy after World War II. Recurrent shortages-almost always on the heels of several years of prosperity-generated widespread feelings of betrayal, anxiety, and frustration. Nonelites were angry and wanted to act. According to PZPR-commissioned public-opinion surveys conducted during the mid-1970s, almost half the workers in large factories deemed themselves exploited by the state and 40 percent favored illegal strikes as an appropriate recourse to resolve conflicts with authorities (Bernhard 1993: 152).
KeywordsParty Member Security Force General Strike Vatican Council Wildcat Strike
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