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History and Culture: Constructing a Lebanese Identity

  • Tamara Chalabi
Chapter
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Abstract

The most important critical assessment of Lebanese historiography was done by the prominent Lebanese sociologist Ahmad Beydoun in his defining Identité confessionnelle et temps social chez les historiens libanais contemporains. He treats the question of the multi-communitarian historical narrative and its denouement on the political and national space in a chronological and horizontal time period in a series of case studies. His first historiographical case study was of the contested episode of the Mamluk suppression of a Shi‘i community in Mount Lebanon and the resulting devastation of Kisrawan. A quasi-consensus had emerged among Lebanese Maronite historians to appropriate this event for their own community, presented as a beleaguered mountain community surrounded by a hostile hinterland.

Keywords

Printing Press Modern Context Singular Source Ideological Conflict Political Prominence 
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Notes

  1. 5.
    Cf. Dominique Chevallier, La société du Mont Liban a l’époque de la révolution industrielle en Europe (Paris, 1971).Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Kamal Salibi, House of Many Mansions: A History of Lebanon Reconsidered (London, 1988), p. 113.Google Scholar
  3. 50.
    Kazim Shiri, Majallat al-‘Irfan wa Takwin Muthaqafi Jabal ’Amil (Diplome, Lebanese University, 1983), chapter 3.Google Scholar
  4. 54.
    Halil Inalcik, “Application of the Tanzimat and Its Social Effects,” in Archivum Ottomanicum, vol. 5 (1973), pp. 97–127; Moshe Maoz, Ottoman Reform in Syria and Palestine, 1840–1861; The Impact of the Tanzimat on Politics and Society (London, 1968).Google Scholar
  5. 55.
    Cf. Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities (London, 1983), chapters 3 and 5. 56. Khalidi, “Shaykh Ahmad ‘Arif al-Zayn and Al-’Irfan,” pp. 111–112.Google Scholar
  6. 59.
    Silvia Naef, “La presse en tant que moteur du renouveau culturel et litteraire: la revue chiite Libanaise al-‘Irfan,” in Asiatiche Studien/Études Asiatiques (Bern, L.2. 1996), p. 393. Also see Kazim Shiri, Majallat al-‘Irfan wa-Takwin Muthaqqafi Jabal ’Amil (Diplôme, Lebanese University, 1983).Google Scholar

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© Tamara Chalabi 2006

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  • Tamara Chalabi

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