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Turmoil and New Order: Jabal ‘Amil in 1920

  • Tamara Chalabi
Chapter
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Abstract

Against the backdrop of the Great War, amidst the rising Turco-centric currents that had taken hold of the bureaucratic elite of the Ottoman state, the British forged an alliance with the Sharif of Mecca and an “Arab Revolt” was declared against the Ottoman forces. This was supported by the British and was in itself in support of the Allied offensive on the Ottoman provinces. The momentum of the revolt benefited both from the existence of a proto-nationalist discourse in the area, building upon the literary and cultural revival of the Nahda, and from the repressive actions taken by the Ottoman authorities in the time of war.1

Keywords

High Commissioner Traditional Leadership French Authority Urban Elite Gang Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    See Khayriyya Qasimiyya’s survey of the institutions and evolution of Faysal’s government, al-Hukuma al-’Arabiyya fi Dimashq (Beirut, 1982).Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Ahmad Rida, “Mudhakkarat lil-Tarikh,” al-‘Irfan, vols. 7–9 (1933) and vols. 2, 3 (1934).Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    Jeremy Wilson, Lawrence of Arabia (London, 1989), p. 570. 9. Ibid.Google Scholar
  4. 13.
    Muhsin al-Amin, A‘yan al-Shi’a, vol. 40 (Beirut, 1957), pp. 91–92.Google Scholar
  5. 19.
    Qadri Qal‘aji, Jil al-Fida’ (Beirut, n.d), chapter 18; Muhammad Said Bassam, “al-Tawajjuhat al-Siyasiyya fi Jabal ’Amil bayn 1918–1926” (Ph.D. thesis, Université de St. Joseph, Beirut, 1986), chapter one.Google Scholar
  6. 27.
    Nadine Meouchy, “Les formes de conscience politique et communautaire au Liban et en Syrie à l’époque du Mandat Français 1920–1939” (Ph.D. thesis, Paris IV, 1989).Google Scholar
  7. 28.
    Jabir Al Safa, Tarikh, p. 208. In reference to one of the ‘Amilis attending this conference, Jabir wrote that “Sayyid Muhammad al-Amin was extreme in his Arabism, struggling for this political ideology, enticing the Amilis to revolution ...”Google Scholar
  8. 69.
    Philip Khoury, Syria and the French Mandate (London, 1987), p. 99. 70. Meouchy, “Les formes de conscience politique et communautaire,” p. 138.Google Scholar
  9. 95.
    Jabir Al Safa notes that Ahmad Rida, Sulayman Dahir, Ismail al-Khalil, Shaykh Izz al-Din Ali Izz al Din, and the author wrote the minutes of the meeting, Tarikh, p. 226. 96. Reference to Wadi al-Hujayr is only after the Christian massacres,Google Scholar
  10. 110.
    Amin al-Rihani, Muluk al-Arab in Jaber, “Mu’tamar Wadi al Hujayr,” p. 80. Hasan al-Amin, Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin‘s son, in an interview on April 13, 1999, told me that he was present at the conference, a boy of 12, and remembered Sayyid ’Abd al-Husayn inflaming the audience to violence. Mervin cites a cousin of the Sayyid, Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, who refers to the Sayyid’s fatwa in a book entitled al Nass wal-Ijtihad, Un Réformisme Chiite, p. 356.Google Scholar

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© Tamara Chalabi 2006

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  • Tamara Chalabi

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