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Government Action Against Discrimination

  • Barbara R. Bergmann

Abstract

The U.S. government took action against discrimination in employment for the first time in June 1941. The country had not yet entered World War II, but the Roosevelt Administration was engaged in maximizing the production of armaments and keeping up an adequate flow of consumer goods while millions of male workers were being drafted into the armed forces. A. Phillip Randolph, head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, a union of black male railroad workers, was incensed by the exclusion of blacks from the new jobs in the defense plants, and saw an opportunity to advance the cause of racial justice. He threatened the Administration with a march of black people on Washington if something was not done about discrimination against blacks in employment.

Keywords

Sexual Harassment Government Action Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Occupational Segregation Internal Revenue Service 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    Michael Evans Gold, “A Tale of Two Amendments: The Reasons Congress Added Sex to Title VII and their Implication for the Issue of Comparable Worth,” Duquesne Law Review 19 (1981).Google Scholar
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    See OFCCP, “Companies Ineligible for Federal Contracts Under the Regulations of the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs,” September 29, 1994.Google Scholar
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    See Barbara R. Bergmann, In Defense of Affirmative Action (New York: Basic Books, 1996), table 2.3. The data refer to 1992.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Barbara R. Bergmann 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara R. Bergmann

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